Hands-On Course Training:
The Fireground Commander Series with Chief Officer Ed Hadfield
THE SEAT OF COMMANDTHE SEAT OF COMMAND:
Today’s command officers are facing unprecedented challenges as Incident Commanders. Adding to the problem is a rapidly changing fire ground as a result of today’s modern building construction, the contents which are placed within these structures and the amount of civilians who are occupying these homes. Not since the early 1970’s have we seen this magnitude of occupied structural fires and civilian casualties and deaths.This program is designed to provide command officers with the necessary skills to be part of the solution, not part of the problem. It is vital that all personnel operating in the fire service have a strong understanding of today’s dynamic challenges that command officers’ face.
This Seat of Command focuses on the factual understanding of ventilation’s impact as it relates to the modern fire ground and the changing dynamics of the interior fire. I have been a panel member of the latest NIST and UL studies related to ventilation and can provide up-to-date factual information related to the studies’ conclusions. The proper steps and vital importance of size-up and performing a dynamic risk assessment of the structure while providing control points and resources to the hazard in a prioritized manner will be addressed.This program will provide the student with street-smart tactics, incident reviews of multi- alarm fires, multiple dynamic simulations and case reviews of lessons learned in prior incidents. To safely operate in this kind of environment, we must develop the skill to maintain situational analysis (SA). These skill sets will provide you the ability to control what is happening around you and where you are in relation to threats. Building SA for the fire ground is predicated on an intuitive understanding of fire behavior and building construction. Students will be exposed to fire ground tactical decision making as a means of effectively using SA to be better prepared to confront the challenging environment of the fire ground.
The Seat of Command will use videos and examples of standard operating guidelines to demonstrate best practices for understanding the dynamic fireground and making decisions. After reviewing extreme fire behavior, reading smoke, building construction, and critical decision making, students will then practice using applied tactical decision making through custom simulations of structure fire responses.
Mission Focused Tactics for First Due OfficersMission Focused Tactics for First Due Officers:
This program will provide Company and Command Level Officers with the necessary Recognition Primed Decision Making Skills (RPDM) to quickly establish a tactical and strategic plan with positive outcomes. Students will fully understand the concepts of escalating command to meet the needs of the changing fire ground. These concepts are based upon today’s fire ground, not yesterday’s urban myths about firefighting. Officers will develop an Incident Assignment Plan using Mission Focused Principles. This course is based upon today’s known scientific facts of fire behavior as demonstrated through studies conducted by NIST and UL. All aspects of command and IAP (Incident Action Plan) development will be exercised using real-world illustrations and dynamic simulation events. This lecture course will illustrate how the Command Officer can develop tactical and strategic decisions based upon known fire behavior concepts and properly apply actions which will benefit both civilians and firefighters.
Avoiding Fatal Errors on the FiregroundAvoiding Fatal Errors on the Fireground:
The Fire Service has seen a dramatic rise in injuries and deaths to personnel in the last ten years. Statistically, we are injuring and killing more firefighters on the fire ground than ever before. Findings show how a fatal chain of errors made by personnel, from the Incident Commander to the rookie firefighter, promulgate the problem in the American Fire Service. This course is designed to identify those specific factors associated with the error chain and establish corrective action models to reverse this dangerous trend.
Surviving the Structure Fire, Today’s Deadly FiresSurviving the Structure Fire, Today’s Deadly Fires:
Using known facts found in all NIOSH reports and USFA LODD Investigations, this program will serve as an “eye opener” for every firefighter who sees the presentation. It will clearly establish how our personnel are being injured at alarming rates and why our brothers and sisters continue to die in what are all too often referred to as “routine” structure fires. This program is designed to open the “Minds Eye” and change the firefighter’s perspective on routine fires. 3 / 6 / 14 are all you need to know to increase your rate of survival and decrease your chances of being injured to a point of retirement from the fire service.
The Cutting Edge Command OfficerThe Cutting Edge Command Officer:
The Cutting Edge Command Officers program will give the student the skill sets and techniques which will make them successful in their jobs and for your organization. It provides the newly promoted Command Officers with the knowledge to be successful in their position. Subjects such as: performance supervision, managing the marginal employee, conflict resolution, delivering performance evaluations for employee growth and creating winning teams are all part of the administrative and leadership model. In the Fire Command model, subjects such as: size up and dynamic risk assessments, real world ICS for today’s dynamic incidents, hazard zone management and command function on the fire ground will be covered and discussed at length with dynamic simulations.
Building Profiles for Command ConsiderationsBuilding Profiles for Command Considerations:
The ability to make proper decisions on the fireground and establish sound strategic objectives start with the ability of the fireground commander to properly identify and undress a structure. Sound tactical doctrine based upon building design, features and building components are the bases of this program. With complete understanding of the unique hazards associated with occupancy groups and types, the fireground commander can correctly establish the fire fight based upon specific building profiles. This course covers specific building profiles for firegound operations and command features including “Rescue Profiles” and making the building “Behave” for firefighter safety considerations.
Multi-Story Ventilation ConceptsMulti-Story Ventilation Concepts:
This course will cover the procedures used in effective multi-story ventilation utilizing positive pressure blowers/ fans, and the buildings own internal systems. This exciting lecture will cover such topics as stairwell ventilation procedures, positive pressure assistance during fire attack and ventilation of upper floors during extension, search operations and ventilation for civilian rescue operations. Course topics will assist the student in development of their own practices and procedures.
Cutting Edge Truck OperationsCutting Edge Truck Operations:
Covering the USLOVERS Concepts in a new updated fashion, this course will establish foundational operations for first and second due truck company operations. Whether your organization has a dedicated truck company or not, fireground support operations must occur for safe and effective fireground operations. This course will establish functional procedures for all fire departments to follow regarding Truck Company and fireground support functions.
Where Have All The Ladders Gone?Where Have All The Ladders Gone?
It seems that a certain phenomenon has occurred to the fire service; that is the lack of ladders thrown at the scene of fires in recent times. How many times have you arrived on scene of a structure fire to find a single ladder thrown to the roof for Roof Division? Have you ever been told that we don’t have the available staffing to throw ladders to windows for rescue or potential firefighter egress on two story occupancies? This course will look at the importance of Laddering and the methodology and concepts for effective ladder practices both ground and aerial.
Managing the Heavy Rescue with MCIManaging the Heavy Rescue with MCI:
As a first-due Company Officer, how you handle your initial resource request and assignments at the scene of the MCI / Heavy Rescue will determine the effectiveness of the operations and the on-scene time of patients that are destined for the trauma center. This course will assist you in establishing your own blueprint of operations at a Heavy Rescue vehicle/MCI accident, which due to the number of patients overwhelm the resources of the initial companies and have the added factors of physical entrapments that require extrication practices.
Quint EssentialsQuint Essentials:
This lecture course will cover the varied aspects of effective Quint Operations on the Fireground. When operate as an “Engine” or operate as a “Truck” will be discussed. Proper Quint Training programs will be addressed and utilization of Quints as a stand- alone response apparatus. Cross-staffing the “Quint” for smaller organizations and Quint operations at the first-due fire will be addressed. This lecture will also cover the use of staffing assignments on Quint Apparatus on varied emergency incidents such as MVI/MCI, Commercial Fires, and Industrial Complex Fires.
RIC Strategies for agencies BIG or SmallRIC Strategies for agencies BIG or Small:
This course will look at a successful initial RIC plan that can be implemented in agencies of all sizes. It highlights positional assignments based upon successful RIC operations in multi-jurisdictional agencies and regionalized operations. Aggressive and pro-active in nature, this tactical and strategic I-RIC plan has proven to eliminate fireground hazards and create safer working environments on the fireground.
Softening the Structure on First-Due AssignmentsSoftening the Structure on First-Due Assignments:
Whether it is residential, commercial, industrial, wide-rise or high-rise, all structures need to be quickly assessed and softened for safe and aggressive firefighting operations. With limited staffing and larger structures throughout the United States, fire agencies find themselves increasingly challenged to make simple access into these structures and provide the necessary egress for firefighters that may become lost or disoriented. This program will break-down the tactical considerations for fighting fires in Monster Homes (Residential Homes over 5000 sq ft, Commercial Structures, Big Box Occupancies, Industrial Manufacturing Occupancies and Wide-Rise / High-Rise Structure Firefighting.
High Rise Firefighting – Using the Regional ApproachHigh Rise Firefighting – Using the Regional Approach:
This program is designed to provide the student with the tools necessary to be successful in all aspects of fireground operations related to multi-story and high-rise occupancies particular to those jurisdictions that operate in a regional approach manner. Most agencies nation-wide cannot fully commit the resources necessary to effectively operate at a multi-story or high-rise occupancy. Yet, most agencies nationwide do not have a planned approach to doing so with the help of outside agencies and multiple jurisdictional responses. Based upon years of experience in this arena and multiple fires in these types of structures, the instructors will provide you with key planned approaches to being successful at this incident utilizing a regional approach to the command system and the tactics necessary to combat this type of firefight.
Command and Control of Strip Mall FiresCommand and Control of Strip Mall Fires
Strip malls present unique challenges to the fire ground commander. Often time’s incorrect tactics and strategies applied at these types of incidents can result in harm or even the loss of life of our personnel. This program will cover the best practices approach to handling and mitigating the rapidly advancing and all consuming strip mall incident. Use of fireground videos’, case studies and multiple simulations will help the student learner develop key tactics and strategies in order to be successful on the Strip Mall Fire.
The Command Officer SeriesThe Command Officer Series
Operational Fitness, Developing a Fire Fit Employee: (NEW)
Utilization of the principles and the foundational elements of Operational Fitness, Mobility WOD and proper meal planning and fundamental nutrition has proven to be one of the best ways in which to address the ever increasing problem of obesity and poor overall fitness and conditioning in the American fire service. A recent study funded and backed by the National Volunteer Firefighter Council and the International Association of Fire Chiefs concluded the average American Firefighter is 1/3 times higher in obesity then the average American The report further stated the need for the American Fire Service to address the EPIDEMIC of obesity has never been greater. In the study’s findings, it stated the use of Crossfit type fitness modality coupled with significant improvements in mobility and core functions with the need to address sound nutritional programs such as Paleo and Zone nutrition will become the backbone for change. Students of this training course will learn the necessary steps needed to implement the Operational Fitness methodology within their own lives, their organization and across the fire service in general. The goal is to provide the fire service with a higher degree of functional fitness programming to include an emphasis on mobility and rehabilitation, strength WOD’s, Met-Cons and endurance for the occupational athlete found in today’s fire service.
Designing an Assessment Center for SuccessDesigning an Assessment Center for Success:
This course will cover the benefits and the pitfalls to assessment center testing for all positions, including Firefighter, Firefighter/Paramedic, Engineer, Company Officer and Chief Officer. Many organizations nationwide continue to use outdated and non-job specific assessment center testing. This lecture will cover the testing components that are successful in testing the newer generation of fire professionals.
Leadership Roles as a Company OfficerLeadership Roles as a Company Officer:
This program focuses on the issues facing Company Officers in the area of leadership and supervision. The curriculum contains reading assignments and a resource library which includes: John C. Maxwell’s’ 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership, John Wooden: Pyramid of Success, Danny Cox; Leadership When the Heat is On, and Ken Blanchard: Leadership and the One-Minute manager. Each candidate is given an overview of the expectations of their particular leadership roles within the organization and what the expectation of the organization and the city has of them as Company Officers. At the end of the module, each candidate is expected to complete a written assignment on the person who provided him or her in the career with the greatest guidance and for whom they would model their leadership style after.
Providing Ethics and Core Values in Your RoleProviding Ethics and Core Values in Your Role:
This particular module is crucial in establishing an organizational vision of values, thus becoming the key to a successful transition in the behaviors and beliefs of personnel. Organizationally, the mantra of Trust, Respect and Rapport is widely accepted as the core of the program.
Teamwork with the New Generation of EmployeeTeamwork with the New Generation of Employee:
In recent years the fire service has seen a tremendous shift to a younger, ever-changing all-risk agency. With that change has been an influx of newer firefighters with vastly different ideas, beliefs, and values. This course is designed to assist those that are charged with the development of recruits, newer firefighter, and aspiring Engineer and Officer Candidates. This lecture will provide insight and an effective blueprint for developing these personnel into cohesive, team-oriented members for their respective agency.
Team Building, Coaching, and mentoring skills are not born into a leader; they develop over time with experiences and academic course work. This module provided the candidates with a success module used in collegiate and successful business teams nationwide. Identification of motivation factors, generational influences, and work behaviors and work ethics were presented and discussed. The candidates are given scenarios to work through in an effort to identify factors associated with team dynamics and group behaviors.
Managing the Marginal EmployeeManaging the Marginal Employee:
As with all business and government organizations, marginal employee behaviors will kill success and stifle goals and progress. This module identifies certain key behaviors of marginal employee behavior, and provides the candidates with tools to supervise these types of employees. The ultimate goal is transforming them from marginal employees to engaged employees who are participatory and productive.
Command Officer as a Risk ManagerCommand Officer as a Risk Manager:
As a Command Officer, this role provides the individual with the ability to identify, evaluate, and take action in order to lessen or eliminate actions which could cause liability, injury and potential casualties to personnel of the City/District or the citizens of the community as a whole. Two dynamic instructors provide outstanding training in this area, from the risk management of liability in and around the city, and Dynamic Risk Assessment of fireground operations.
Employee Evaluations and Performance PlanningEmployee Evaluations and Performance Planning:
Report writing includes multiple aspects of administrative duties. Candidates are given a number of blocks of instruction in this area which include: Fire Reports, Supplemental Report Writing for Threshold Incidents, Performance Evaluations, Performance Planning Worksheets, and Work Improvement Planning for Employees. Included with this is a comprehensive session on the identification of employee needs and behaviors which require supervisory documentations for performance reasons.
Progressive Discipline for the Command OfficerProgressive Discipline for the Command Officer:
Handling disciplinary issues as a Command Officer is a fact of life. The program provides a complete understanding of the need for positive and pro-active discipline to develop members of the organization and carry forth the good of the organization. In addition, when the need for corrective discipline is required, the candidates are given the skill sets to be successful in the administration of the corrective discipline in the coaching, counseling, and corrective actions planning process.
Here’s the Badge, Don’t Get in TroubleHere’s the Badge, Don’t Get in Trouble:
As a new Company Officer you probably heard these words; “Here’s your badge, now don’t get anyone hurt”. As a new Company Officer you will be challenged on a daily basis by the fireground, other related emergency incidents, citizens and your own personnel. How well you have prepared will determine your success or failure. The unfortunate aspect in today’s fire service is you are often only given one chance to prove yourself. Your Vision, Ethics, Core Values and decision making ability need to be sharp to survive. This course will highlight some of those challenges and assist you in developing the skill set necessary to make the move from “One of the Boys” to a Company Officer.
Real World Ventilation PracticesReal World Ventilation Practices:
Aggressive ventilation practices are critical to effective and safe fireground operations at all rapidly developing fires. This class will teach the basic and advanced skills necessary to perform the critical function of ventilation on residential, commercial and industrial occupancies. In addition to the dynamic ventilation operations, students will be taught the effective use of laddering operations specific to ventilation practices, safe saw handling techniques and fireground fixes for chainsaws in battle.
Softening the Structure: Addressing the High-Density StructureSoftening the Structure: Addressing the High-Density Structure:
This course will cover multiple forcible entry operations and objectives. Utilizing the standard “Irons” to the use of rotary saws and specialized forcible entry tools, the student will be taught the most effective ways of “Opening Up or Softening the Structure”. This is an intensive hands-on training program that utilizes highly developed forcible entry props. Students will get multiple opportunities to test their newly gained knowledge and skills.
Comprehensive Search Operations ProgramComprehensive Search Operations Program:
This program has been designed as a multi-faceted training program that incorporates some of the most common fireground hazards into a realistic training scenario beneficial to all ranks. This program will not only provide participants with the necessary survival skills for safe and effective search operations, it will also enhance some of the most basic skills of effective fireground management as well as their confidence in the use of self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and air-management techniques.
The course will stress firefighter safety during all scenarios. Basic smoke reading, building construction, and ventilation techniques will be covered. Students will be given the opportunity to perform the ventilation techniques on ground-level pitched props and then perform them at height. VES skills will be performed both at ground level (single- story) and at height off a ladder (multistory). The class will cover when, where, how, and why we ventilate, taking into consideration involvement, building construction, and wind and smoke conditions. This program is 100% hands-on and moves the students through multiple stations and search applications. The search functions are based upon the experience of the instructors, many of which have recently had civilian saves as a result of these search techniques. It will also cover the command concepts necessary for all the participants to be aware of during a civilian and downed firefighter search.
• VES Concepts and Procedures. • Age Appropriate Search and the Oriented Search for Civilians. • Air Management principles from the firefighter to the Incident Commander. • Establishing a Pro-active RIC plan. • RIC duties of the Company Officer. • Maintaining fire ground accountability in “Wide-Rise / Big Box” structures. • Air management for RIC Group Supervisor and Command. • Large area search techniques • Oriented search operations. • TIC assisted search for firefighter entrapments. • Approach, Assessment, Packaging and Extrication of the Down Firefighter.
First Due Assignments for Engine/Truck Functions at Working FiresFirst Due Assignments for Engine/Truck Functions at Working Fires:
Students will be placed in reality-based scenarios that will challenge them with a wide array of task-based objectives. Students will be taught real world techniques for stretching initial lines to the seat of the fire, leap-frogging lines in structures and extending lines aloft in both internal settings and from exterior access points with and without the use of drop bags. Spilt Company Operations will be utilized to maximize the use of limited staff assignments. Rapid initial search operations and team oriented search operations will be taught in realistic environments that will challenge the student and develop team-based objectives. The students will be taught the proper techniques of “Softening the Structure” and “Big Exiting” concepts as a rule on any working structure assignments.
In addition, aggressive laddering practices and laddering form life safety operations will be utilized and taught as part of the course. Of course, the proper use of ventilations practices will be discussed and taught to provide the student with the most current of today’s ventilation concepts for residential, commercial and industrial occupancies.
I-RIC Operations at “BIG BOX” OccupanciesI-RIC Operations at “BIG BOX” Occupancies:
This hands-on course will cover the systematic approach to the Initial RIC Company at the scene of a “Big Box” Occupancy fire. The students will cover actions including Capturing RIC Communications, RIC Accountability, “Big Box” Size-Up and Hazard Mitigation. Included will be the I-RIC deployment exercise for the down or missing firefighter, including Large Area Search Dynamics and the systematic approach, assessment, packaging, resource request, and extrication of the downed or missing firefighter in a “Big Box” Occupancy.
Level II Aerial Truck Operations ProgramLevel II Aerial Truck Operations Program:
This program will address items such as: tactical building blocks for truck company operations and spotting, positioning and proper aerial usage on the fireground. Specific to the apparatus type, a comprehensive overview of aerial set-up and aerial dynamics will be addressed. The aerial dynamics program will enable users to operate within the operational safeguards and norms of the apparatus design features. This includes rescue and fireground usage of aerial functions based upon aerial design. Operating considerations for offensive and defensive applications will be covered. Ladder concepts and tactical considerations designed to include ladder packaging in conjunction with aerial usage and for rescue and firefighter survival options are addressed. The Multi-Truck Functions module is designed to be field applicable and incorporate the surrounding fire agencies and truck companies in an effort to create more efficient and effective fireground procedures as it relates to the truck company operations.
Other topics to be taught will include a Fire Command Officers workshop for utilization of the apparatus and maximization of truck functions on the fireground. Tactical Building Blocks for Truck Company Operations: The ability to make proper decisions on the fireground and establish sound strategic objectives start with the ability of the fireground commander to properly utilize the resources in a coordinated manner to achieve a superior outcome. With complete understanding of the unique hazards associated with occupancy groups and types, the fireground commander can correctly establish the fire fight based upon specific building profiles.
This course covers specific building profiles for fireground operations and command features including “Rescue Profiles” and making the building “Behave” by maximizing the coordination of Engine and Truck Companies on scene in an efficient and effective manner.
1. Cutting Edge Truck Operations: Covering the U.S.L.O.V.E.R.S Concepts in a new updated fashion, this course will establish foundational operations for first and second due truck company operations. Whether your organization has a dedicated Truck Company or not, fireground support operations must occur for safe and effective fireground operations to occur. This course will establish functional procedures for all fire departments to follow regarding Truck Company and fireground support functions.
2. Spotting Positioning and Proper Aerial Usage: This program will be a comprehensive approach to the proper functions and set up procedures on the fireground of aerial apparatus. Including the usage of aerial for fireground operations in the offensive and defensive applications.
3. Ladder Concepts and Tactical Considerations: This program is a solid approach to the fireground tactical considerations of ladder packages and uses beyond that of just access. It is designed to include ladder packing in conjunction with aerial usage and for rescue and firefighter survival options.
4. Multi-Truck Functions: This program is designed to be field applicable and incorporate the surrounding fire agencies and truck companies in an effort to create more efficient and effective fireground procedures as it relates to the truck company operations.
5. Aerial Dynamics: Based upon the apparatus design and the truck manufacture specifications this program will enable users to operate within the operations safeguards and norms of the apparatus design features. To include rescue and fireground usage of aerial functions based upon aerial design features.
High-Rise / Mid-Rise Operations ProgramHigh-Rise / Mid-Rise Operations Program:
The High-Rise / Mid-Rise Operations Training will be a two (2) day 8 hour course that will cover the course topics and core curriculum necessary for your organization to effectively respond to and mitigate a High-Rise Emergency. As part of the program components of the CSFM Command 2-C course will be discussed and met to mirror the needs of responding agencies in your area. In addition, Firetown Training Specialist will include the following items as part of the 16-hour course<
• Managing the High-Rise/ Mid-Rise Incident. An I/C perspective
• Command Company Concepts at the High-Rise Incident
• Capturing the Building for High-Rise Operations
• A Fire Service Approach to Capturing the Systems
• Hose Line Deployment in High-Rise Operations
• High-Rise Ventilation Principles for Fire Attack and Victim Removal
• Large Area Team Oriented Search Techniques
• Drop Bag Search Procedures.
• Air Management Techniques for High-Rise Teams
• Multi-Company RIC Evaluations
As you can see, this course will provide you with the necessary training to safely and effectively operate at a High-Rise Emergency. This course has been taught throughout the United States and has been successful in large and small agencies and throughout the United States. In addition, the course is part of the Orange County Operational Annex, CSFM Command 2-C curriculum, San Diego Metro Zone Operational plan and the Techniques taught are part of the National Standards as set forth by the International Fire Service Training
Day-1 of the course will be a begin with a lecture on High-Rise Operations and Components of High-Rise Command, Command Company Concepts, Key roles of High-Rise Operations, and case studies of High-Rise incidents. The afternoon session will include a tour of the High-Rise and systems identification and capturing the building concepts and system concepts for successful operations. The later afternoon will have students break into operational companies and be taught the methods of High-Rise Command Procedures, Ventilation principles, Hose Deployment operations, and search procedures.
Day-2 will tie all the concepts and learned behavior into a mock incident with full deployment of resources. It is anticipated that the second day will provide the students with a total of three full deployments to all students to perform in various functions of the High-Rise incident i.e. Command, Attack, Support, Systems. As you can see this is a very arduous day and I anticipate a full day of activity.